The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), on the basis of which the EU builds its defence identity, has a broad spectrum. It focuses not only on the defence component of the CSDP, but also on associated areas such as defence industry and market, defence research and development, and supports them with related legislation and various policy and financial instruments. On the one hand, this prevents the issue of European defence from being easily confined. On the other hand, this reflects the robustness of the EU’s approach to European defence and its willingness to mobilize all available resources. The article describes the evolution of European defence, its major milestones and actors, related processes and rules, and the key tools that are now largely concentrated under the umbrella of the CSDP. Current issues of European defence, including scenarios of its possible future development, are also addressed, as well as the contribution of the Czech Republic.
Vilém Kolín, PhD, MGS, born 1974. He earned his Ph.D. in International Relations at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Charles University in Prague. He also studied at the Joseph Korbel School of International Studies at Denver University in the United States. In 2005-2006, he worked at the Institute of Strategic Studies of the University of Defence in Brno, in 2006-2010 at the Armaments Division of the Czech Ministry of Defence. Since 2010 he has been working at the European Defence Agency (EDA) in Brussels. He focuses on the Common European Defence and Security Policy, defence industry and market issues, defence research, and the implementation of international projects and programmes.
Country: Czech Republic