Al Qai’da Hybridisation in North Africa and its Implication for Europe


The article is focused on issue of hybridisation of Al Qai'da in Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), in North Africa, and its implications for European countries. The process of hybridisation is being conceived as growing nexus and convergence between violent non-state actors, while these processes could be in this case identified mainly in issues of use of kidnappings and secondary also reported involvement of AQIM in regional smuggling, mainly drugs, activities through Sahel and Saharan region to Europe. Regarding GSPC background, AQIM could be in long term theoretically able to re-establish its financial and supporting networks in Europe via cooperation with organized crime, which were largely disrupted after major crackdowns by security forces between 2004-2007. Event though a direct Al Qai'da attack in Europe is-according to the author-excluded, the purpose of this article to draw our attention to an eventuality of rebirth of European operation network of AQIM operational predecessor, i.e. GSPC.

Bc Martin Janků, born in 1985. Currently he is a student of the Master's program in the field of security and strategic studies at the Political Science Department of the Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University in Brno. He worked in the special operations unit, then at the Military Police Headquarters. Currently he acts in the NATO HQ (Office of Security) in Brussels. Professionally he focuses on the issue of non-state actors, especially organized crime, insurgency and terrorism, regionally on the North Caucasus, Europe, Central America, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Country: Czech Republic


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