Criminalization and Religious Radicalization in Chechnya as Two Main Streams of Development after 1996 and their Influence on Terrorism in Subsequent Conflict

Abstract:

The article deals with the disintegration and erosion of originally cohesive Chechen resistance movement during the First Chechen War and following inter-war period. According to the author, the main reasons of this process are criminality and religious fundamental radicalisation. They together produced inner confl icts between fi eld commanders; some of them attacked Russian security forces in neighbouring regions (Dagestan, Ingushetia), even after war had ended. Disintegration processes were encouraged by social deprivation after the first war, by strategical position of Chechnya in relation to smuggling drugs and weapons, stealing rude oil, and fi nally activities of foreign Islamic solidarity fi ghters. All those factors signifi cantly contributed to the outbreak of the Second Chechnya War.

Bc Martin Janků, born in 1985. Currently he is a student of the Master's program in the field of security and strategic studies at the Political Science Department of the Faculty of Social Studies at Masaryk University in Brno. He worked in the special operations unit, then at the Military Police Headquarters. Currently he acts in the NATO HQ (Office of Security) in Brussels. Professionally he focuses on the issue of non-state actors, especially organized crime, insurgency and terrorism, regionally on the North Caucasus, Europe, Central America, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Country: Czech Republic

22/11/2010

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