Main Principles of International Humanitarian Law


Contemporary International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is the law of armed conflict or law of war and their effects. The goal of IHL is to limit the effects of warfare on people and property and to protect particularly vulnerable persons. The IHL does not exclude war activities as it acknowledges the principle of the so-called war necessity. Humanitarian law is the branch of public international law that comprises the rules, which, in times of armed conflict, seek to protect persons who are not or are no longer taking part in the hostilities, restrict the methods and means of warfare employed, and resolve matters of humanitarian concern resulting from war. This article is intended to help to soldiers to understand better IHL rules and principles.

RNDr. Marek Jukl, Ph.D., born in 1969. He is graduate of the Palacký University in Olomouc, where is still a member of academic community. He currently acts as the President of the Czech Red Cross. His activities in the field of international humanitarian law are associated primarily with the Czech Red Cross. He is a participant of the regular seminars organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross aimed at MHP and its spread. He was a participant of the international conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent in 2003, 2006 and 2007. He is a member of the Working Group on international humanitarian law at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


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