Reflections over the Czech Armed Forces Transformation


The basic question of Army transformation was the fact that it was not constituted upon the statehood principle that gives precedence to politicking individual parties. The ultimate goal of this transformation was to build forces loyal to democratic republic, but during the last ten years the top personnel at the Ministry of Defence changed several times, leaving the Army with restricted means, without precise laid down tasks and goals. Uncontrolled interventions into forces structure, reducing numbers of military personnel, lead to balance on the verge of collapse. The basic goal to develop Czech national security and defence policies did not fell short. Army was transforming itself, initially under the management of former generals and later under civilian control, especially after 1991. The division of the armed forces after the split-up of the state at the turn of 1992 went very smoothly, with good discipline. The transformation has been influenced above all by the newly adopted legislation, accession to NATO and to the European Union, participation in missions abroad and professionalization of the Czech armed forces. The whole process has been facilitated by the acceptance and implementation of a broader concept of security.

PhDr. Antonín Rašek, Major General, (Ret.), born in 1935; he graduated from the Military School of Jan Žižka (VŠJŽ) and the Infantry School (PU). He served with the Air Force, studied the Faculty of Arts, Charles University (FF UK) Prague, philosophy, history (concluded in 1961). After that he became a military journalist and worked in various army institutions. In postgraduate studies he specialized in sociology. After the September 21, 1968, he was separated from the army and started a new career as research worker, lecturer and advisor in the field of industrial sociology. After the Velvet Revolution, from 1990 till 1992, he was a civilian deputy defence minister for humanitarian affairs, in 1993 director of the Institute for Strategic Studies. He cooperates with the Centre for Social and Economic Strategies, Charles University Prague. Joint member of authors´ team that compiled the following publications: Vision of Development of the Czech Republic till 2015 (CESES 2001), Guide to the Landscape of Priorities for the Czech Republic" (CESES 2002),Wandering through the Czech future (CESES 2003). Author of nineteen novels. For his successful literary activities he was praised by many awards.

Country: Czech Republic


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