Changes of U.S. National Security at the Beginning of 21st Century

Abstract:

The new American doctrinal document called National Security Strategy (NSS 2010) was released in May 2010. Generally, NSS documents outline major national security concerns and plans. The NSS 2010 lays out a strategic approach for advancing American interests, including the security of the American people, growing U.S. economy, and international order that can address 21st century challenges. President Obama is stressing global leadership, dependent on strong and responsible American leadership directing it to ensure other nations follow. He urged Americans to revitalize their own economic, moral and innovative strength to continue to lead the world. The essay by Mr. Eichler is divided into two parts: first one deals with Bush's security policy, and second one deals with documents issued during Obama's presidency. There is a departure from Bush's security strategy that had led to two asymmetric wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. There are interesting nuances. The NSS 2010 for example declares the intention to build deeper and more effective partnerships with key centres of influence–including China, India, which represents among others Obama's retreat from policy of unilateralism.

Assoc. Prof. Jan Eichler is born in 1952. He graduated from the Military Political Academy in Bratislava. In the past he was also the deputy head of the department at the Institute for Strategic Studies of the Ministry of Defense (1991-1993), worked in the General Staff of the Czechoslovak Army (1990-1991) and at the Ministry of Defense of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1982-1990). In 1985, he defended his dissertation (PhD) and in 2004 defended his habilitation thesis (doc.). Since 1994, he works as a senior researcher at the Centre for European Politics In addition, he teaches at the Faculty of International Relations of the University of Economics in Prague. His professional interests include transatlantic relations, strategic culture, international security, wars in today's world and terrorism. He is a member of the doctoral study board of the FSV UK, MUP Praha, and FBMI ČVUT. He is author of 2 monographs in English, of 6 monographs in Czech and of a lot articles in the reviews in Czech Republic as well as abroad (France, USA, UK, Germany).   

Country: Czech Republic

18/05/2021

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