This article analyses a new element in the Czech criminal law—Military Bias Crimes. They are included in the new Criminal Code 40/2009 Coll., Sect. XII. The bias motive is characterized by a prejudice against race, ethnicity, nationality, political belief, religious belief or atheism, but not against the so-called sexual orientation, in contrast to the situation in the US. Perpetrators of some military bias crimes, § 378, § 379, § 380, can be not only soldiers, prisoners of war, but also members of  security corps (Police, Security Intelligence Service etc.). Up to now, the use of these new norms of the Czech penal law has been limited.

Prof. Miroslav Mareš, PhD., born in 1974. He is the guarantor of security and strategic studies at the Department of Political Science of the Faculty of Social Studies of Masaryk University in Brno. He focuses on the research of extremism and terrorism in the Central Europe. He is a member of the European Expert Network on Terrorism Issues. He has worked with the OSCE and participated in the counter-extremism and the counter-terrorism activities of the European Union. He is an author or co-author of more than two hundred publications (among other with Astrid Bötticher they wrote the book Theorien, Extremism – Konzepte, Restoring, issued in 2012, in Munich).

Country: Czech Republic


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